When will people of
Dr Shabir Choudhry
13 December 2011
‘Myth’ is that people of
Kashmir are very intelligent, freedom loving and tolerant. I know some people will get upset by my opening sentence; but no matter how many people get upset by this, I will call it a myth until it is proven to be true.
People who are intelligent and freedom loving do not remain occupied and oppressed for so long. People who are tolerant do not invite foreigners to attack their country and request new rulers from outside the boundaries of
Kashmir; and do not become so intolerant that minorities feel unsafe in their homes and people feel frightened to express their views.
People with tunnel vision, twisted mind and loyalties outside the boundaries of
Kashmir fabricate history and tell us that our slavery started with occupation of the Sikhs, as Sikhs were non Muslims and they ended Afghan (Muslim) rule in Kashmir. However, true sons of soil know, although Afghans and Mughals were Muslims, but they were also occupiers and they brutally oppressed people of Kashmir. Apart from that they did not go there to advance cause of Islam, as Kashmir was already a Muslim country; and perhaps better Muslims than Mughals who invaded Kashmir in 1586.
After the Sikh rule Maharaja Gulab Singh established State of
which unlike other Princely States enjoyed greater autonomy - short of complete independence as the British were responsible for defence. After the end of the British Raj in India, the British Paramountcy or whatever pacts the Maharajah had with the British came to an end; and Jammu and Kashmir emerged as an independent State on 15 August 1947. Jammu and Kashmir
The Maharaja of
concluded a Standstill Agreement with Jammu and Kashmir and also offered Pakistan to have a Standstill Agreement. India wanted to discuss this matter further, but on India 22 October 1947, in violation of the Standstill Agreement Pakistan launched a tribal attack on . This unprovoked and naked aggression resulted in death of thousands of innocent men women and children; and the Maharajah fearing fall of his summer capital Jammu and Kashmir , asked Srinagar for help. India
This help was only made available when the Maharajah signed an Instrument of Accession which was provisionally accepted and had to be ratified by the people of
. Indian army reached Jammu and Kashmir on the morning of 27 October and started fighting the raiders. This resulted in the first Srinagar Kashmir war between and India , in which people of Pakistan suffered immensely and the State was forcibly divided between the two countries; and once again we lost our independence. Jammu and Kashmir
Important point to note here is that we lost our independence in 1586 because our stronger Muslim neighbour of the time – Akbar the Great invaded our country. After centuries of slavery, exploitation and oppression we achieved our independence on
15 October 1947. This time again, we were attacked by a stronger Muslim country – , which resulted in ‘Provisional accession’ with Pakistan and eventual forced division of the State of India . Jammu and Kashmir
This is not to suggest that
did not want to make India Kashmir part of , however, fact remains it was India which violated the Standstill Agreement and attacked our country and trampled our integrity and independence. In other words entry of Pakistani troops in to Pakistan territory was against the wishes of the Kashmiri Ruler; and entry of Indian troops was on the request of the Ruler. No doubt the Indian troops have gone far beyond the terms of the treaty and are responsible for human rights abuses; but we must not twist facts to justify the initial aggression, which is source of our miseries since Jammu and Kashmir 22 October 1947.
Instead of blaming the aggressor for heinous crimes committed against innocent people of
, ‘intelligent’ people of Jammu and Kashmir Kashmir were persuaded in name of religion to glorify the aggressor. It is unfortunate that even now in 2012, ‘intelligent’ people of cannot differentiate between a friend and a foe. Despite enormous ‘sacrifices’, death and destruction they are not sure what they want, as some want accession to Pakistan, some want accession to India, some want independence; and some are happy with the status quo as this serves their interests. Jammu and Kashmir
If there was only one occupier then we could have achieved independence a long time ago. Similarly, if
was not multi religion and multi ethnic then it would have been easy to decide our future. Those who advocate Islamic state forget that there are followers of other faiths in Jammu and Kashmir Kashmir; and even within Islam there are many sects negating each other, so we cannot have practically advance religious solution unless we want create more chaos and divide the State on religious lines.
Leaving out options of becoming independent and joining
, let us see what option of joining India has to offer people of Pakistan . First it will divide the State on religious lines, as Buddhists of Ladakh and Hindus and Sikhs of Jammu province would not like to join Jammu and Kashmir , as their interests would not be protected there; and plight of non Muslims in Pakistan is a big deterrent to them. Pakistan
People of Jammu and Kashmir, especially Muslims, living on the Indian side of the divide need to think that Gilgit Baltistan is directly ruled by Pakistan since 1947; and if the Pakistani rule was anything near to be being good then people of that region would not say that they are occupied and ruled by draconian laws without rights to fundamental rights. Similarly people of so called Azad Kashmir are not happy with what Pakistani government and secret agencies do to exploit and oppress them.
Leaving that aside, now let us see what Pakistan is in view of Pakistani people: Col Riaz Jafri, who was the Principal Staff Officer to late Major General Rao Farman Ali Khan – in charge Martial Law (Civil Affairs), wrote in article, ‘Fall of Dacca’:
'Not only, that the Bengalis were treated as unequals, but it is also a fact that they were the major revenue earner for
....... The highest in authority were guilty of being too greedy, power hungry and selfish. Unfortunately we all treated Pakistan East Pakistan as a colony and never granted them their justly deserved status of being the major human organ of ’s body – 54 percent of the population. As power barons of the Federal government mostly hailed from Pakistan West Pakistan they never shared the power willingly or happily with their Bengali brethren.' Source - http://k4kashmir.com/?p=6294
Bakhtiar Qayyum, who served the Pakistani establishment at a senior level for 30 years, writes:
is passing through a very critical stage of its existence. Voices are coming from all directions that this country is very soon going to collapse. Terrorism, Talibanisation, crumbling economy and the deteriorating law and order situation are just the few indicators telling of the bleak situation….Societies and countries built on hatred cannot sustain for long. Only those which have live and brotherhood in their foundations last for ever.’ Source: Pakistan International, November 2011, page 8 Liberty
MURTAZA RAZVI, staff member of famous English daily ‘Dawn’, writes: Given our internal rifts, political, religious, sectarian, government-military related heartburns, bad governance and with foreign policy in a shambles,
Asian Human Right Commission writes: ‘During the year, in
These are only few examples of the situation, and I am sure some people can come up with similar things about
Writer is Director Diplomatic Committee of Kashmir National Party, political analyst and author of many books and booklets. Also he is Director Institute of Kashmir Affairs.Email:firstname.lastname@example.org View: www.drshabirchoudhry.blogspot.com www.k4kashmir.com